Vocational interest and value development in adolescence and adulthood
Applied psychological measurement (interest, values, personality traits, ability)
Person-Environment fit theory and assessment

Key Professional Appointments

Professor, Department of Educational Psychology and Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1996 - present

Guest Professor, School for Management and Human Resource Development, Shenyang Normal University, China, 2004 - 2008


Ph.D., Psychology, University of Minnesota, 1981

B.A., Psychology, University of Minnesota, 1971

Awards, Honors, Associations

Fellow, Association of Psychological Science, 2011 - 2011

Distinguished College Senior Scholar, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1998 - 1998

John L. Holland Award, for Outstanding Achievement in Careet and Personality Research, American Psychological Association, 1997 - 1997

Fellow, Association for Psychological Sciences, Association for Psychological Science, 2011 - present

Outstanding Research Award in Counseling, Division E, American Educational Research Association, 1997 - 1997

Research & Service

Vocational interests and how they change over the life span. Research examines the structure of interests, how that structure develops and changes over the life course, and the reciprocal influences among personality traits, interests, and abilities with a focus on constructing models. Also, career development in adulthood, assessment of personality traits and work values, and occasionally, a venture into health psychology.


Nye, C., Rounds, J., Kirkendall, C., Drasgow, F., Chernyshenko, O., & Stark, S. (2019). Adaptive Vocational Interest Diagnostic: Development and Initial Validation. (Technical Report 1378) Ft. Belvoir, VA: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences.  link >

Nye, C., & Rounds J (Eds)., . (2019). Vocational Interests in the Workplace: Rethinking Behavior at Work. New York: Society Industrial Organizational Psychology Frontiers Book Series, Taylor & Francis/Routledge.  link >

Su, R., Stoll, G., & Rounds, J. (2019). The Nature of Interests: Toward A Unifying Theory of Trait-Situation Interest Dynamics. Vocational Interests: Rethinking Behavior at Work ( pp. 11-38). New York: SIOP Organizational Frontiers Series: Taylor & Francis/Routledge.  link >

Rottinghaus, P., & Rounds, J. (2019). Initial research on the revision of the Find Your Interests inventory for ASVAB CEP: Final report. Seaside,: CA: ASVAB Career Exploration Program, Defense Personnel Assessment Center, Office of People Analytics.

Hanna, A., Gregory, C., Lewis, P., & Rounds, J. (2019). International career assessment using the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). International Handbook of Career Guidance ( pp. 581-612). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.  link >

Hoff, K., Perlus, J., & Rounds, J. (2019). Vocational interests: Revisiting assumptions about their development and what they predict. International Handbook of Career Guidance ( pp. 673-692). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.  link >

Hoff, K., Song, C., Einarsdóttir, S., Briley, D., & Rounds, J. (2019). Developmental structure of personality and interests: A 4-wave, 8-year longitudinal study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication.  link >

Phan, W., Amrhein, R., Rounds, J., & Lewis, P. (2019). Contextualizing interest scales with Emojis: Implications for measurement and validity. Journal of Career Assessment, 27 114-133.  link >

Su, R., Tay, L., Liao, H., Zhang, Q., & Rounds, J. (2019). Toward a dimensional model of vocational interests. Journal of Applied Psychology, 104 (5), 690-714.  link >

Hoff, K., Briley, D., Wee, C., & Rounds, J. (2018). Normative changes in interests from adolescence to adulthood: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 144 (4), 426-451.  link >

Nye, C., Perlus, J., & Rounds, J. (2018). Do ornithologists flock together? Examining the homogeneity of interests in occupations. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 107 195-208.  link >

Phan, W., & Rounds, J. (2018). Examining the duality of Holland's RIASEC types: Implications for measurement and congruence. Journal of Vocational Psychology, 106 22-36.  link >

Rounds, J., Hoff, K., Chu, C., Lewis, P., & Gregory, C. (2018). O*NET® Interest Profiler Short Form Paper-and-Pencil Version: Evaluation of Self-Scoring and Psychometric Characteristics. Raleigh, NC: National Center for O*NET Development.  link >

Nye, C., Su, R., Rounds, J., & Drasgow, F. (2017). Interest congruence and performance: Revisiting recent meta-analytic findings. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 98 138-151.  link >

Su, R., & Rounds, J. (2015). All STEM fields are not created equal: People and things interests explain gender disparities across STEM fields. Frontiers in Psychology, 6 44-63.  link >

Su, R., Murdock, C., & Rounds, J. (2015). Person-Environment fit. APA Handbook of Career Interventions ( pp. 81-98). Washington: DC: American Psychological Association.  link >

Murdock, C., & Rounds, J. (2014). Work Values: Understanding and Assessing Motivation to Work. Career Development, Employment, and Disability: From Theory to Practice ( pp. 193-206). New York: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.

Rounds, J., & Su, R. (2014). The nature and power of interests. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23 (2), 98-103.  link >

Einarsdóttir, S., Eyjólfsdóttir, K., & Rounds, J. (2013). Development of indigenous Basic Interest Scales: Re-structuring the Icelandic interest space. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 82 105-115.  link >

Jin, J., & Rounds, J. (2012). Stability and change in work values: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80 326-339.  link >

Armstrong, P., Su, R., & Rounds, J. (2011). Vocational interests: The road less traveled. Handbook of Individual Differences ( pp. 608-631). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.  link >

Armstrong, P., & Rounds, J. (2010). Integrating individual differences in career assessment: The atlas model and Strong Ring. Career Development Quarterly, 59 143-153.  link >

Einarsdóttir, S., Rounds, J., & Su, R. (2010). Holland in Iceland Revisited: An emic approach to evaluating US vocational interest models. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57 361-367.  link >

Einarsdóttir, S., & Rounds, J. (2009). Gender bias and construct validity in vocational interest measurement: Differential item functioning in the Strong Interest Inventory. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 74 295-307.  link >

Tay, L., Drasgow, F., Rounds, J., & Williams, B. (2009). Fitting measurement models to vocational interest data: Are dominance models ideal? Journal of Applied Psychology, 94 1287-1304.  link >

Armstrong, P., & Rounds, J. (2008). Linking leisure interests to the RIASEC world-of-work map. Journal of Career Development, 35 5-22.  link >

Armstrong, P., Allison, W., & Rounds, J. (2008). Development and initial validation of brief public domain RIASEC marker scales. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 73 287-299.  link >

Armstrong, P., Day, S., McVay, J., & Rounds, J. (2008). Holland's RIASEC model as an integrative framework for individual differences. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 55 1-18.  link >

Armstrong, P., Rounds, J., & Hubert, L. (2008). Re-conceptualizing the past: Historical data in vocational interest research. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 72 284-297.  link >

Deng, C., Armstrong, P., & Rounds, J. (2007). The fit of Holland’s RIASEC model to US occupations. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 71 1-21.  link >

Low, K., & Rounds, J. (2006). Vocational interests: Bridging person and environment. Comprehensive handbook of personality and psychopathology: Personality and everyday functioning ( vol. I, pp. 251-267). NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.  link >

Mount, M., Barrick, M., Scullen, S., & Rounds, J. (2005). Higher order dimensions of the big five personality traits and the big six vocational interest types. Personnel Psychology, 58 (2), 447-478.  link >

Rounds, J., Yoon, M., Roberts, B., & Rounds, J. (2005). The stability of interests from early adolescence to middle adulthood: A quantitative review of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 131 713-737.  link >

Armstrong, P., Smith, T., Donnay, D., & Rounds, J. (2004). The strong ring: A basic interest model of occupational structure. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51 299-313.  link >

Moyer, C., Rounds, J., & Hannum, J. (2004). A meta-analysis of message therapy research. Psychological Bulletin, 130 3-18.  link >

Baker, J., Rounds, J., & Zevon, M. (2000). A comparison of graded response and Rasch partial credit models with subjective well-being. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 25 253-270.  link >

Einarsdottir, S., & Rounds, J. (2000). Application of three dimensions of vocational interests to the Strong Interest Inventory. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 56 363-379.  link >

Rounds, J., & Day, S. (1999). Describing, evaluating, and creating vocational interest structures. Vocational interests: Their meaning, measurement and use in counseling ( pp. 103-133). Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black.  link >

Rounds, J., Smith, T., Hubert, L., Lewis, P., & Rivkin, D. (1999). Development of occupational interest profiles (OIPs) for the 0 *NET part 1: Report Raleigh, NC: National Center for O*NET Development.  link >

Shivy, V., Rounds, J., & Jones, L. (1999). Applying vocational interest models to naturally occurring occupational perceptions. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 46 207-217.  link >

Day, S., & Rounds, J. (1998). The universality of vocational interest structure among racial/ethnic minorities. American Psychologist, 53 728-736.  link >

Day, S., Rounds, J., & Swaney, K. (1998). The structure of vocational interests for diverse racial-ethnic groups. Psychological Science, 9 40-44.  link >

Day, S., & Rounds, J. (1997). A little more than kin, and less than kind: Basic interests in vocational research and career counseling. Career Guidance Quarterly, 45 207-220.  link >

Tracey, T., & Rounds, J. (1997). Circular structure of vocational interests. Circumplex models of personality and emotions ( pp. 183-201). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.  link >

Rounds, J. (1995). Vocational interests: Evaluation of structural hypotheses. Assessing individual differences in human behavior: New concepts, methods, and findings ( pp. 177-232). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.  link >

Tracey, T., & Rounds, J. (1993). Evaluating Holland's and Gati's vocational interest model: A structural meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 113 229-246.  link >

Nye, C., Su, R., Rounds, J., & Drasgow, F. (2012). Vocational interests and performance: A quantitative summary of 60 years of research Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7 384-403.  link >

Tay, L., Su, R., & Rounds, J. (2011). People-Things and Data-Ideas: Bipolar dimensions? Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58 424-440.  link >

Rounds, J., Su, R., Lewis, P., & Rivkin, D. (2010). O*NET Interest Profiler short form psychometric characteristics: Summary Raleigh, NC: National Center for O*NET Development.  link >

Su, R., Rounds, J., & Armstrong, P. (2009). Men and things, women and people: A meta-analysis of gender and interests. Psychological Bulletin, 135 859-884.  link >

Rounds, J., Armstrong, P., & Smith, T. (2000). The Strong ring: A spatial model of the Strong Interest Inventory occupations. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign: Department of Educational Psychology, Personality-Interests-Abilities Laboratory.


Predicting performance in military occupations with vocational interests (2019). International Military Testing Association: Tallinn, Estonia.

The validity and incremental validity of interest fit: A mediated model of academic performance (2019). European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology: Turin, Italy.

Exploring the basic interest structure of vocational interests (2019). Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Washington, D.C.

Forecasting career success: The twelve-year predictive validity of interests, personality, and intelligence (2019). Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Washington, D.C.

Toward a dimensional model of vocational interests (2019). Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Washington, D.C.

Finding the big factors in interest: A factor analytic model of basic interests (2012).: Orlando, FL.

Vocational interest assessment: Taking an emic approach (2011). National Taiwan Normal University: Taipei, Taiwan.

Development of Indigenous Basic Interest Scales: Re-structuring the Icelandic Interest Space (2011). University of Padova: Italy.

Career counseling and career courses: Process, impact, and outcomes (2011).: Washington, D.C.

Development of a RIASEC-based occupational classification (2011).: Washington, D.C.

Development of ecologically valid indigenous Basic Interests Scales (2011).: Washington, D.C.

Icelandic vocational interests: Evidence for indigenous Basic Interest Scale development (2011).: Washington, D.C.


Ad Hoc Reviewer, American Psychological Association, 2005 - present

Consultant to O*NET, U.S. Department of Labor, 1998 - present

Member of Editorial Board Journal of Counseling Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2003 - 2005


personality, intellectual, interest, value assessment, work psychology


Career Theory and Practice (EPSY 220) Section Restricted to Weston Exploration and Garner LEADS students Only.

Career Theory and Practice (EPSY 220) Section Restricted to Freshmen and Sophomores Only.

Career Theory and Practice (EPSY 220) Various behavioral science theories will be covered (e.g., person-environment interaction, decision-making, group dynamics, stereotype threat, personality traits). Discussions of research findings to applied career practices will also be included. Students will develop a working-knowledge of these theories through interactive lectures, guided class discussions, case-based readings, and group activities that require them to think critically and flexibly about theory in order to generate solutions for real-world problems.

Career Theory and Practice (EPSY 220) "Seats are reserved for LAS Access and Achievement Program students, specifically Undeclared students until December 1, and then seats will open for LAS EOP and PAP students. If you do not meet this requirement, please contact the Access and Achievement Program Office in 2002 Lincoln Hall to be placed on the waiting list."

Voc Psych Theories and Assess (EPSY 511) Study of vocational psychology theories, assessment, decision-making, and the job search process; includes an historical overview of the development field. The course links theory with practice, as students engage in the interpretation of vocational assessments, examine relevant ethical standards, and discuss their application.

Internship (EPSY 590) Seminar in educational psychology; topics relate to the areas of specialization represented by the various divisions within the department.

Advanced Seminar in Educ Psyc (EPSY 590) Internship

Profile Picture for James Rounds

Professor (Counseling Psychology Division Chair, Director of Training), Counseling Psychology



236B Education Building
1310 S. Sixth St.
Champaign, IL 61820

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