Controversial Issues

Copyright Basics For Educators

Intellectual Property

Plagiarism and Papermills

Software Piracy

Web Pages

Lesson Plans


Other CTER 4 White Papers

Access

Commercialism

Computer Crime and Technology Misuse

Credibility

Free Speech

Privacy

 

 

Controversial Issues
Can the new plagiarism (technology supported) be beneficial to teaching practices?

Can you rely on online services and software for detecting plagiarism?

Is plagiarism cheating?

But even if plagiarizing isn’t it still wrong?

What is plagiarism?

Why should we be concerned about plagiarism?

How can plagiarism be avoided?

If I submit a paper for one class and then submit the same paper again for another class, can I correctly be accused of plagiarism?

What are some additional resources regarding the issues of Free Speech

Plagiarism
Why do students plagiarize?

How can I counter student's reasons for plagiarism?

Why can't I plagiarize?

What other types of lessons are there to teach my students about plagiarism?

Are there any other ways to help students avoid plagiarism?

What other student resources are there?

Are student contracts beneficial?

Papermills
What is a papermill?

How do students locate essays on the Internet?

How do students find essays on topics?

Are there ways teachers and faculty members can recognize if a student has directly copied an essay from the Internet?

Is information used from a papermill considered plagiarism?

Are students at the high school and the college level the only groups using the Internet for research?

Software
Is there any software that can help me detect plagiarism?

What problems should I look for when using plagiarism software?

References and Resources

Can the new plagiarism (technology supported) be beneficial to teaching practices?

Benefits may be found in an attempt to combat the new plagiarism. Because the new forms of plagiarism may include copy and pasting information into a paper or purchasing a paper online, teachers need to rethink the writing they assign. Certain assignments, like those that require a regurgitation of the facts lend themselves to plagiarism. The following sites offer a unique opinion of plagiarism and how it may benefit educational practices.

In Praise of Plagiarism
http://www.stthomasu.ca/~hunt/plagiary.htm

Prevent Plagiarism with an outcomes approach http://www.eddept.wa.edu.au/centoff/cmis/eval/technology/usenet/pplagiarism.pdf

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Can you rely on online services and software for detecting plagiarism?

Even though online services and software for detecting plagiarism are helpful and convenient they to can be problematic. The following sites describe some problems that may occur with these resources.

Turnitin.com, a Pedagogic Placebo for Plagiarism
http://bedfordstmartins.com/technotes/techtiparchive/ttip060501.htm

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Is plagiarism cheating?

Not everyone agrees that plagiarism is cheating. In fact it is an accepted practice for newspaper writers to pick up pieces of a story from the AP and include it in their article without reference. So why is it emphasized so in academics?

In Praise of Plagiarism
http://www.stthomasu.ca/~hunt/plagiary.htm

The University of Tasmania conducted an evaluation to determine the difference in plagiarism and cheating to develop academic dishonesty policies and procedures. The following site is a preliminary report published by the committee. The report makes a distinction between plagiarism and cheating.

Academic Misconduct (Plagiarism) - Preliminary Report
http://216.239.35.100/search?q=cache:etmDpDwIgjIC:www.admin.utas.edu.au

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But even if plagiarizing isn’t it still wrong?

Not everyone agrees with this point of view. Here are some dissenting opinions about plagiarism and copyright. The first was written by John Perry Barlow, lyricist for the Grateful Dead, and cofounder and executive chair of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

The Economy of Ideas
http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/2.03/economy.ideas.html

Against User Interface Copyright
http://lpf.ai.mit.edu/Copyright/look-and-feel.html

Plagiarism: a misplaced emphasis
http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/pubs/94jie.html

Intellectual Value
http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/3.07/dyson.html

Copywrong
http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/1.03/1.3_stallman.copyright.html

Who owns knowledge?
http://mondediplo.com/2000/01/14queau

Sold Out
http://www.wcl.american.edu/pub/faculty/boyle/sold_out.htm

The Right to Read: A Short Story
http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/right-to-read.html

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What is plagiarism?

The answer to this question may seem simple. Plagiarism is most simply using another's work without giving credit. Even though it seems simple enough there are always differences of opinion as to whether a work was plagiarized. The following site, Is it Plagiarism?,(http://www.doug-johnson.com/dougwri/isit.html) details an incident that occurred in December 1999. A parent sent a message to Doug Johnson about plagiarism. He posted the question to LM_NET. He asked teachers how he might respond to the letter he received from the parent. He posted the original letter and all of the responses on this Website The of teacher responses clearly shows that even something as simple as the definition of plagiarism will not be interpreted the same way by any two teachers.

Avoiding Plagiarism, retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 2, 2002, http://sja.ucdavis.edu/avoid.htm

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Why should we be concerned about plagiarism?

You are cheating yourself when using someone else’s work.
It is a dishonest and illegal thing to do in using someone else’s work as your own and not giving the person credit for the work that was used.

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How can plagiarism be avoided?

  • Students need to be educated on what plagiarism is and they are not to copy word for word anyone else’s work unless that person is given credit for their work. When a person copies works and know it is a wrong doing this is called intentional plagiarism. Unintentional plagiarism is when someone copies carelessly, is sloppy with note taking, and copying and pasting on electronic sources.
  • When citing a source, regardless if you directly quote or paraphrase, use quotation marks and give the author credit. Sometimes you may be in doubt, but when you are, play it safe and give credit.
  • Use your own words and ideas
  • Learn how to correctly cite an author and paraphrase

Plagiarism.org, retrieved from World Wide Web August 2, 2002, http://www.plagiarism.org/faq.html

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If I submit a paper for one class and then submit the same paper again for another class, can I correctly be accused of plagiarism?

Not plagiarism, but certainly a lower academic standard. If you do not properly reference yourself and the content extracted from your previous paper, then you are recycling

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What are some additional resources regarding the issues of Free Speech?

The Freedom Forum is a nonpartisan foundation dedicated to free press, free speech and free spirit for all people. The foundation focuses on three main priorities: the Newseum, First Amendment freedoms and newsroom diversity. Note: The Freedom Forum has closed its international offices and discontinued international programs. The First Amendment Center consolidated its operations in Arlington and Nashville

Freedom Forum
http://www.freedomforum.org/about/

Free Speech Movement Digital Archives
http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/FSM/

Scholarly Publishing, Peer review and the Internet
http://www.firstmonday.dk/issues/issue4_4/proberts/
“This paper addresses one domain of academic activity where I believe such a stance might be appropriate, namely, scholarly publishing. A number of different forms of writing in cyberspace are identified, and some of the arguments in favor of moving from print-based publishing to electronic environments are assessed. The paper reinforces the need for rigorous systems of peer review in scholarly work, and considers possible futures for serials in cyberspace.”

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Why do students plagiarize?

There are many reasons why students plagiarize. Sometimes plagiarism is intentional and at other times it is not [1]. Unintentional plagiarism frequently occurs because a student does not have writing or research skills. Students may not understand the concept of plagiarism or how to avoid it. Students may even have trouble recognizing the differences between plagiarism and paraphrasing [2]. There are many different methods to citing resources and student may become confused.

Often plagiarism is intentional. Students knowingly use another's material without given the individual credit. Reasons for intentional plagiarism are numerous. For example, a student may not have taken accurate notes and forgets where the information comes from. A student may be experiencing pressure from home and feels the only why to succeed is to plagiarize. Students may have poor time management skills and come under pressure [2]. Finally students may plagiarize because they are lazy or feel they can beat the system [2].

Here are some links to discussions about why students plagiarize.

Why Students Plagiarize
http://www.library.ualberta.ca/guides/plagiarism/students.html

Battling Plagiarism in the Internet Age
http://www6.wittenberg.edu/lib/internet/plagiarism/

Why do students plagiarize
http://www.lib.odu.edu/research/Plagiarism/Whyplagiarize.htm


Essay, A Culture of Plagiarism?
http://www.drexel.edu/doj/essays/plagiarism.html

Avoiding Plagiarism: Discussing Plagiarism
http://reach.ucf.edu/~uwc/Faculty_Resources/fac_discussing_plagiarism.htm

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How can I counter student's reasons for plagiarism?

It is usually better to have answers ready for students before plagiarism starts. The following web site provides many answers for students who believe plagiarizing is OK.

What is Plagiarism? http://www.georgetown.edu/honor/plagiarism.html

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Why can't I plagiarize?

Even if students don't plagiarize they may not understand why they shouldn't. It might be because you or some other teacher told them it was wrong. Aside from the penalties they may face for being caught there are other reasons not to plagiarize. Discussing the reasons for not plagiarizing with students may be beneficial. The following sites provide interesting discussions concerning intellectual property issues.

Why Not Plagiarize
http://www2.plattsburgh.edu/learningcenter/why_not_plagiarize.htm

Yukon College Library
http://www.yukoncollege.yk.ca/services/library/guides/writing/honesty.htm

Thou Shalt Not Plagiarize
http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/sociology/resources/writing_plagiarism.html

These sites are provide starting points for in class discussions of plagiarism
MTV.com - News - English Rocker Claims Green Day Plagiarized His Song...
http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1437922/20010112/story.jhtml


Crusader Online - Alumna uncovers plagiarized poem
http://www.susqu.edu/crusader/archives/2000/00_04_28/news7.asp

The Straight Dope: Was McDonald land plagiarized from the old HR Pufnstuff?...
http://www.straightdope.com/classics/a990827.html

What Steps to Take When Your Work Is Plagiarized
http://www.allworth.com/Articles/article05.htm

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What other types of lessons are there to teach my students about plagiarism?

Aside from in class discussions there are other whys to teach students about plagiarism. The Web offers many creative and unique ideas. The following are just a few.

High School
What is Plagiarism at Indiana University?
http://education.indiana.edu/~frick/plagiarism/item1.html


Writing History: From Students to Scholars
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/teachers/lessonplans/general/plagiarism.html


Raising Good Citizens for the Virtual World
http://www.ala.org/ICONN/fcethics4.html

Middle School
Plagiarism on the Net
http://www.geocities.com/~educatoral/plagiarism.htm

Plagiarism? I'd Never do That!
http://www.classroominc.org/spot/resources/activities/whatsup3.html

Copyright Watch Doggerel
http://7-12educators.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http://www.thescoop.net/doggerel.htm

Elementary School
Whose is it anyway?
http://www.cybersmartcurriculum.org/lesson_plans/45_08.asp

Plagiarism
http://www.alpine.k12.ut.us/depts/media/elemlessons_rev/m8-legal_issues/lesson6plagiarism.html

K-12
Copyright and Plagiarism Lessons
http://t3.k12.hi.us/t301-02/cquinajon/ethics/copy_lsn.htm

Considering Copying
http://t3.k12.hi.us/t301-02/cquinajon/ethics/copy_lsn.htm

The Antidote to Plagiarism PDF
http://ousd.k12.ca.us/~codypren/Plagiarismlesson.pdf

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Are there any other ways to help students avoid plagiarism?

Another way to help students avoid plagiarism is give students assignments that are less conducive to plagiarism and grounded in original thought. Make writing assignments cover local topics and current issues. Be sure to change paper topics yearly to prevent student sharing of old research papers. On a final exam, have students summarize their research work.

List of assignments that help prevent plagiarism
http://www.library.dal.ca/how/assignexamples.htm


Prevention
http://www.citadel.edu/library/plagiarism.htm


Suggestions
http://www.rmcdenver.com/useguide/lessons/SUGGEST


Strategies for teachers to help prevent plagiarism
http://www.wiu.edu/users/mfbhl/wiu/plagiarism.htm

Copy, paste, and plagiarize
http://www.doug-johnson.com/dougwri/cut.html

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What other student resources are there?

There are many resources to help your students understand this issue. Many school districts as well as universities are addressing the plagiarism issue. The following sites may help your students.

Plagiarism: What is it, how to recognize it, and how to avoid it
http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/wts/plagiarism.html


How to avoid plagiarism on your website
http://depts.washington.edu/trio/comp/howto/avoid/guidelines.shtml

Ten Big Plagiarism Myths Explained
http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html

Compose
http://www.2learn.ca/senior/site/highcompose.html

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Are student contracts beneficial?

Some schools and teachers have tried using contracts that specify what plagiarism is and how it will be dealt with in their classrooms or school. However, a biology teacher, Christine Pelton, at Piper High School in Piper Kansas used these contracts without much success. Her biology students and signed such a contract prior to the completion of a major assignment. Twenty-Eight of Pelton's biology students were caught plagiarizing in spite of the contract. The Piper School Board caved in to parental complaints stating most students did not understand what plagiarism was even though they signed the contracts [3]. Listed below are several examples of contracts.

http://www.2learn.ca/mapset/SafetyNet/plagiarism/accountable.html
http://www.enl.umassd.edu/InteractiveCourse/assistant/Plagiarism_Contract.htm
http://sociology.camden.rutgers.edu/contract.htm
http://wolf.southwestern.cc.or.us/faculty/fbrick/contract.html
http://www.iusd.k12.ca.us/uhs/code.html

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What is a papermill?

A papermill is an Internet Website that students can access in order to search for essays on any topic in any subject area. Many sites are free but many sites charge by the month or by the page for students to have access to essays written by others. Some sites state explicitly that the use of the essays is only for information and some do not make any claims relating to the contents of the Website. Some sites even pay for submissions to add to their contents of essays in all subject areas.

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How do students locate essays on the Internet?

It is actually very easy for students to locate information on any subject using search engines such as Yahoo, Netscape, or Google. Just entering the keywords "student essays" produces thousands of links to sites that offer essays for free or for a charge.

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How do students find essays on topics?

Students can then search the site by subject area or enter keywords to find an essay that relates to the topic they are researching. For example, if they must discuss the reasons underlying the Civil War in the United States, they would enter "civil war united states reasons". On a free site, links to essays containing these keywords will then appear and students can read the essays. On a paid site, students would log in with a username and password after paying for the services. Students can then download the essays to their local machine or print the essays.

The following are several examples of what is available to students on the Internet:

Free sites offering term papers:
http://www.realpapers.com/
http://www.cyberessays.com/
http://www.chuckiii.com/
www.bignerds.com/
www.netessays.net/
Sites with fees for access to papers and resources:
http://www.papers4less.com/
www.schoolsucks.com/
www.term-papers-way.com/
www.essaypage.com
http://www.directessays.com/

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Are there ways teachers and faculty members can recognize if a student has directly copied an essay from the Internet?

One way to fight papermills is to use an online service or software program to detect plagiarism. Another way to effectively use papermills is to let your students know you are aware of them. Bring in a paper from one of the online sites and critique it in class. Try schoolsucks.com the papers are free and as stated in USA Today, you get what you pay for. Use the same paper to show students how easy it is to find their plagiarized paper online. There are a few services available to teachers to verify work completed by students. Two paid services that teachers or institutions can subscribe to are turnitin.com and eve2, Essay Verification Engine. These sites conduct searches and compare the submitted essay with internet materials. Though they do not claim to be able to search every Internet site, they do claim that their searches are complex.

Another way is to use search engines such as Google to search for certain phrases that an instructor suspects has been copied from other sources.

http://www.canexus.com/eve/index.shtml
http://www.turnitin.com
http://www.google.com

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Is information used from a papermill considered plagiarism?

Since the definition of plagiarism is:

  1. stealing somebody's work or idea: copying what somebody else has written or taking somebody's else's idea and trying to pass it off as original
  2. something plagiarized: something copied from somebody else's work, or somebody else's idea that somebody presents as his or her own


Encarta® World English Dictionary [North American Edition] © & (P) 2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Developed for Microsoft by Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on July 21, 2002

If a student does not site the work with a reference in his/her paper or tries to turn the essay in as his/her own original work, then it would fall under the definition of plagiarism and would be subject to an institution's policies dealing with student plagiarism.

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Are students at the high school and the college level the only groups using the Internet for research?

No, elementary students and professionals such as college faculty and members of the business community are also using the Internet for research and commercial purposes. Publication journals and supervisors can also use the Internet to verify original work by their authors and submitters.

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Is there any software that can help me detect plagiarism?

In addition to online plagiarism detection services there are software programs that can help you determine whether or not a paper, software, or computer program has been plagiarized. Some of the software is free and others cost. A few examples are listed below.

Free
WCopyfind
http://plagiarism.phys.virginia.edu/Wsoftware.html

Detect for computer science
http://samba.anu.edu.au/junkcode/

JPLEG software plagiarism
http://wwwipd.ira.uka.de:2222/
Cost
Glatt
http://www.plagiarism.com/teaching.htm

WordCHECK DP

http://www.wordchecksystems.com/wordcheck-dp.html

EVE2 Plagiarism Detection for Teachers

http://www.canexus.com/eve/index.shtml

Turn it in
http://www.turnitin.com/pricing.html

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What problems should I look for when using plagiarism software?

This article describes one student's problems with when using plagiarism software.


The Webs Plagiarism Police
http://www.salon.com/tech/feature/1999/06/14/plagiarism/index.html

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References and Resources
[1] Website, University of Alberta Libraries, retrieved from the web on July 10, 2002, http://www.library.ualberta.ca/guides/plagiarism/students.html

[2] Website, Why do Students Plagiarize?, retrieved from the web on July 10, 2002, http://www.lib.odu.edu/research/Plagiarism/Whyplagiarize.htm

[3] Website, Cheating In the Heartland?, retrieved from the web on July 12, 2002 CBS News | Cheating In The Heartland? | May 31, 2002 17:46:09
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/05/31/48hours/main510772.shtml


Academic Misconduct (Plagiarism) - Preliminary Report, retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 2, 2002,
http://216.239.35.100/search?q=cache:etmDpDwIgjIC:www.admin.utas.edu.au

Accountability Form, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.2learn.ca/mapset/SafetyNet/plagiarism/accountable.html

Against User Interface Copyright, The League for Programming Freedom, retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 1, 2002,
http://lpf.ai.mit.edu/Copyright/look-and-feel.html

The Antidote to Plagiarism PDF retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://ousd.k12.ca.us/~codypren/Plagiarismlesson.pdf

Avoiding Plagiarism: Discussing Plagiarism retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://reach.ucf.edu/~uwc/Faculty_Resources/fac_discussing_plagiarism.htm

Battling Plagiarism in the Internet Age retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www6.wittenberg.edu/lib/internet/plagiarism/

BigNerds.com, retrieved from the web on July 21, 2002
http://www.bignerds.com/

Cheating In the Heartland?, retrieved from the web on July 12, 2002 CBS News | Cheating In The Heartland? | May 31, 2002 17:46:09
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/05/31/48hours/main510772.shtml

ChuckIII.com Chuck IIIs College Resources, retrieved from the web on July 21, 2002
http://www.chuckiii.com/

Class Contract for Dr. Meyer's Class, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://sociology.camden.rutgers.edu/contract.htm

College Term Papers Essays and Dissertations, retrieved from the web on July 21, 2002
http://www.term-papers-way.com/

Compose, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.2learn.ca/senior/site/highcompose.html

Considering Copying retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.cybersmartcurriculum.org/lesson_plans/68_09.asp

Copy, paste, and plagiarize, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.doug-johnson.com/dougwri/cut.html

Copyright and Plagiarism Lessons retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://t3.k12.hi.us/t301-02/cquinajon/ethics/copy_lsn.htm

Copyright Watch Doggerel, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://7-12educators.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http://www.thescoop.net/doggerel.htm

Crusader Online - Alumna uncovers plagiarized poem retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.susqu.edu/crusader/archives/2000/00_04_28/news7.asp

Cyber Essays, retrieved from the web on July 21, 2002
http://www.cyberessays.com/

Detect for computer science, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://samba.anu.edu.au/junkcode/

DirectEssays.com, from the web on July 21, 2002
http://www.directessays.com/

Encarta® World English Dictionary [North American Edition] © & (P) 2001 Microsoft Corporation. Developed for Microsoft by Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on July 21, 2002
http://www.dictionary.msn.com

English Rocker Claims Green Day Plagiarized His Song... retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1437922/20010112/story.jhtml

Essay, A Culture of Plagiarism? retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.drexel.edu/doj/essays/plagiarism.html

Essay Page.com, retrieved from the web on July 21, 2002
http://www.essaypage.com

EVE2 Plagiarism Detection for Teachers, retrieved from the web on July 12, 2002,
http://www.canexus.com/eve/index.shtml

Freedom Forum, retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 2, 2002,
http://www.freedomforum.org/about/

Glatt, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002,
http://www.plagiarism.com/teaching.htm

Google
http://www.google.com

How to avoid plagiarism on your website, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://depts.washington.edu/trio/comp/howto/avoid/guidelines.shtml

JPLEG Detecting Software Plagiarism, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://wwwipd.ira.uka.de:2222/

In Praise of Plagiarism, Ross Hunt, revised May/June 2002, retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 2, 2002,
http://www.stthomasu.ca/~hunt/plagiary.htm

Is it Plagiarism?, Comments gathered from LM_Net in response to a parent question, hit posted by Doug Johnson. Retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 2, 2002,
http://www.doug-johnson.com/dougwri/isit.html

List of assignments that help prevent plagiarism, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.library.dal.ca/how/assignexamples.htm

No Cheaters.com, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.nocheaters.com

Online Plagiarism: How to Prevent It, How to Detect It, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.citadel.edu/library/plagiarism.htm

Papers 4 Less, retrieved from the web on July 21, 2002
http://www.papers4less.com

Plagiarism retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.alpine.k12.ut.us/depts/media/elemlessons_rev/m8-legal_issues/lesson6plagiarism.html

Plagiarism: a misplaced emphasis, Brian Martin, Published in Journal of Information Ethics, Vol. 3, No. 2, Fall 1994, pp. 36-47, with minor editorial changes. Retrieved from the World Wide Web August 1, 2002,
http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/pubs/94jie.html

Plagiarism and Intellectual Dishonesty, Yukon College Library, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.yukoncollege.yk.ca/services/library/guides/writing/honesty.htm

Plagiarism on the Net retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.geocities.com/~educatoral/plagiarism.htm

Plagiarism and the Web, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.wiu.edu/users/mfbhl/wiu/plagiarism.htm

Plagiarism.org, Frequently Asked Questions, retrieved from World Wide Web August 2, 2002,
http://www.plagiarism.org/faq.html

Plagiarism: What is it, how to recognize it, and how to avoid it, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/wts/plagiarism.html

Plagiarism: What Is Wrong and How To Avoid It?
http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/sociology/resources/writing_plagiarism.html

Plagiarize? I'd Never do That! retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.classroominc.org/spot/resources/activities/whatsup3.html

Prevent Plagiarism With An Outcomes Approach, retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 2, 2002,
http://www.eddept.wa.edu.au/centoff/cmis/eval/technology/usenet/pplagiarism.pdf

Raising Good Citizens for the Virtual World retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.ala.org/ICONN/fcethics4.html

realPapers.com, retrieved from the web on July 21, 2002
http://www.realpapers.com/

The Right to Read: A Short Story, Richard Stallman, This article appeared in the February 1997 issue of Communications of the ACM (Volume 40, Number 2). Retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 1, 2002,
http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/right-to-read.html

Scholarly Publishing, Peer review and the Internet, Peter Roberts, First Monday, retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 2, 2002,
http://www.firstmonday.dk/issues/issue4_4/proberts/

Sold Out, James Boyle, Originally published in the New York Times, March 31, 1996. Retrieved from the World Wide Web, August 1, 2002,
http://www.wcl.american.edu/pub/faculty/boyle/sold_out.htm

School Sucks, retrieved from the web on July 21, 2002
http://www.schoolsucks.com/

The Straight Dope: Was McDonald land plagiarized from the old HR Pufnstuff? retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.straightdope.com/classics/a990827.html

Student Contract on Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.enl.umassd.edu/InteractiveCourse/assistant/Plagiarism_Contract.htm

Student/Instructor Contract, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://wolf.southwestern.cc.or.us/faculty/fbrick/contract.html

Suggestions for Preventing Plagiarism, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.rmcdenver.com/useguide/lessons/plagiar.htm#SUGGEST

Ten Big Plagiarism Myths Explained, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html


Turn it in, retrieved from the web on July 12, 2002,
http://www.turnitin.com/pricing.html

University High School, Irvine Unified School District, Code of Conduct 2001-2002, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.iusd.k12.ca.us/uhs/code.html

WCopyfind, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://plagiarism.phys.virginia.edu/Wsoftware.html

The Webs Plagiarism Police, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002,
http://www.salon.com/tech/feature/1999/06/14/plagiarism/index.html

What is plagiarism? Retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002,
http://www.georgetown.edu/honor/plagiarism.html

What is Plagiarism at Indiana University? retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://education.indiana.edu/~frick/plagiarism/item1.html

What Steps to Take When Your Work Is Plagiarized retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.allworth.com/Articles/article05.htm

Whose is it, anyway? retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.cybersmartcurriculum.org/lesson_plans/45_08.asp

Why do Students Plagiarize?, retrieved from the web on July 10, 2002, http://www.lib.odu.edu/research/Plagiarism/Whyplagiarize.htm

Why Not Plagiarize retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www2.plattsburgh.edu/learningcenter/why_not_plagiarize.htm

Why Students Plagiarize retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.library.ualberta.ca/guides/plagiarism/students.html

Writing History: From Students to Scholars retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/teachers/lessonplans/general/plagiarism.html

WordCHECK DP, retrieved from the web on July 29, 2002,
http://www.wordchecksystems.com/wordcheck-dp.html


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Julia Jeffreys
Vicky Romano
August 2002
© Copyright 2002 by tgrant, jjeffreys, vromano, & kschlappi. Permission to reproduce and distribute for non-profit purposes granted.